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Work Packages /_Case Studies /_Italy

The participatory process analysed in the Italian case study is located in the area of the Bacchiglione river basin (North-east Italy).

The informal participation has been largely developed in the last ten years in Italy and there are several examples among which also the case considered can be analysed.

It can be regarded as a “Pact for Waters” involving three main characteristics which are identified below:

  1. Instrument to create particular interests within a common good, and to develop the territory, while enhancing its peculiar characteristics. This instrument is to involve the local knowledge drawing upon relevant expertise, particularly those people who work in the scientific and technological innovation fields.

  2. Agreement promoted by local boards, by social parts or by other public or private subjects, related to the realization of an intervention programme characterised by precise objectives aiming at the promotion of local development.

  3. Instrument to identify a coordinated whole of productive and promotional interventions, as well as infra-structural and functional ones”.


The participatory process has at least firstly been started up in order to support the formulation of the Water Infrastructures Plan as to a single action to be performed (waste water treatment plant of Tiene); afterwards, the structuring topics gradually increased due to the interaction among the stakeholders, the technicians and the advisors responsible for the Programme planning; it has been finally claimed that the emerged solutions will represent an advanced prototype to be extended to the whole Bacchiglione area.

We have a privileged description of this project as two research workers in our University have personally followed the participatory process since its very first start through until its last meeting, being therefore able to identify the values and defects associated with the process. As to this element, a critical and “super partes” analysis of the Bacchiglione Pact has been made, attempting to analyse all the defects from every possible perspective.

Moreover the analysis of the case study is based on information gathered from:

  • analysis of public documents produced during the participatory process (CD-Rom, Internet site, etc.);

  • interviews with key actors about their impressions of the participatory process.


For more information, see